Sample IELTS Reports

Report 20 - Line Graph - Car Ownership in Britain

The graph below gives information about car ownership in Britain from 1971 to 2007.

Write a report describing the information below. 

The graph shows changes in the number of cars per household in Great Britain over a period of 36 years.

Overall, car ownership in British households increased between 1971 and 2007. In particular, the percentage of households with two cars rose, while the figure for households without a car fell.

In 1971, nearly half of British families were not regularly using a car. While around 44/% of households owned a car, the figure for families having two cars was about 8%. Households with three or more cars were uncommon, only 1% of families falling into this category.

The one-car households became the most common type in Britain, at about 45% from the late 1970’s. The percentage of families without a car fell steadily by about 25% in 2007. By contrast, the figures for households with more than two cars increased, rising to 26% and it rose to 7% for families with more than three cars (included three).

Report 19 - Pie Chart - Employment Patterns in Great Britain

The two pie charts below show some employment patterns in Great Britain in 1992.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The pie charts demonstrate the percentage of females and males participated in manual and non- manual occupations in Great Britain in the year 1992.Overall, it can be seen that more males occupied manual vacancies, while non-manual jobs appealed more to females.

In regard to manual jobs, more males than females were employed in these occupations, at 52% and 31% respectively. Almost equal proportion of males joined craft or similar occupation and other manual jobs, at around 24% and 26%. For women the pattern was slightly different, since the vast majority of them joined other manual jobs at 27%, while a minority was attracted to craft or similar and general labourers at 3% and 1% respectively. Around 2% of males are engaged as general labourers.

On the other hand, non- manual occupations were more popular among women, at 69% in contrast to 48% among their males counterpart. However, it is interesting to note that more males were positioned in managerial and professional vacancies than women, 36% and 29% respectively. Nevertheless, the proportion of females in clerical or related occupations exceeded that of men tremendously, at 31% and 6%. Almost equal proportion of males and females occupied other non-manual occupations at 6% and 9% respectively.

Report 18 - Diagram - Cement Making Process

The diagrams below show the stages and equipment used in the cement-making process, and how cement is used to produce concrete for building purposes.  Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

The diagrams illustrate the process of making cement, and how concrete is produced from cement for construction purposes.

Overall, it is clear from the diagrams that there are five main stages in the production of cement. Meanwhile, only two steps are required to produce concrete.

At the first step of the cement production, limestone and clay are crushed into powder. The process continues with mixing this powder in a machine called mixer. The powder is then moved to the rotating heater where it is heated to high temperature. The next step is the material being ground and becoming cement. At the final stage, cement is packaged into bags and ready to produce concrete.

The first step in the process of making concrete is mixing cement, water, sand and gravel in the proportion of 15%, 10%, 25% and 50% respectively. This mixture is then put into a concrete mixer to produce concrete, which is used for building purposes.